Document Type : Original Research Article

Authors

Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ajca.2020.253006.1217

Abstract

In this work, the MgZnAl-LDH/Zeolite Y and (MgZnAl-LDH+MgFe2O4)@SiO2 composites based on layered double hydroxide (LDH) were synthesized and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. The efficiency of the samples was assessed for simultaneous removal of cationic and anionic dyes from the solution. In this work, methylene blue and methyl orange as cationic and anionic dyes were used. The performance of prepared composites was also compared with their components. The results demonstrated that the Zeolite Y sample could only remove the methylene blue dye from the solution. The MgFe2O4 sample is not able to remove any of the anionic and cationic dyes. The simultaneous removal of the methylene blue and methyl orange dyes is observed by the MgZnAl-LDH sample. The MgZnAl-LDH/Zeolite Y and (MgZnAl-LDH+MgFe2O4)@SiO2 composites revealed similar performance to the MgZnAl-LDH. Moreover, the MgZnAl-LDH@SiO2 composite showed lower efficiency compared with that of the MgZnAl-LDH. In addition, different kinetic models including, the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and particle diffusion models were examined for the simultaneous removal of dyes. The kinetic data revealed the adsorption process could be well fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The methylene blue dye removal by (MgZnAl-LDH+MgFe2O4)@SiO2 sample occurred by the adsorption on the surface and intra-particle diffusion.

Graphical Abstract

Preparation and Comparison of Two Different Nanocomposite Kinds Based on MgZnAl-Layered Double Hydroxide for Simultaneous Removal of Cationic and Anionic Dyes

Keywords

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