Document Type : Original Research Article

Authors

1 School of Engineering, Apadana Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

10.22034/ajca.2020.255832.1224

Abstract

In this research study, a green synthetic route for eco-safe and solvent-free preparation of 12-aryl-tetrahydrobenzo[α]xanthene-11-ones, 1,8-dioxo-octahydroxanthenes and 14-aryl-14H-dibenzo[α,j]xanthenes using formic acid as a bio-based, natural and versatile catalyst was developed. The notable advantages of this green approach are use of bio-based, natural, easy-to-handle and available readily green catalyst, absence of hazardous organic solvents, solvent-free conditions with good to high yields and short reaction times and one-pot reactions. Furthermore, one of the source of environmental pollutions is the usage of organic solvents under reflux conditions and the need for column chromatography to purity the products. In this present work, the products were obtained through simple filter with no need column chromatographic separation.

Graphical Abstract

Green and Easy Synthesis of Xanthenes Using Formic Acid as Bio-Based and Green Catalyst under Solvent-Free Conditions

Keywords

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