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Document Type : Short Communication


1 Research Division, Divine Lab Limited, Seoul, South Korea

2 Department of Chemistry, Myongji University, Yongin, South Korea



The current ongoing scientific debate deals with accumulation of hydronium ions (H3O+) on water surface. Elevated interfacial concentration measured by using Raman spectroscopy. A strong surface affinity of H3O+ indicated by Raman spectroscopy under similar conditions. Ion adsorption phenomena, H3O+ formation and its structural activity emphasized in our study. Asymmetric water ion adsorption clearly observed in our research.

Graphical Abstract

Proton Transfer Reaction in Water: Hydronium Ion Formation


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